Catharine A. MacKinnon questions the presumed unconstructed nature of sex, gender and sexuality while considering the language and concepts within trans feminist and sex essentialist discourse. MacKinnon comments on the work of Kate Millett, Simone de Beauvoir and the political morality promoted by Janice Raymond, Mary Daly and Sheila Jeffreys. Moreover, MacKinnon discusses the nature of the sex class “woman” and comments on the political construction of trans women as predators.
Gender theorist Judith Butler is interviewed and her concept of gender performativity is compared and contrasted to sex essentialist ideologies. Specifically, Butler addresses the work of Sheila Jeffreys and Janice Raymond. Additionally, Butler comments on the work of Gloria Steinem and Dr. Milton Diamond.
Keywords: Third-wave feminism Queer theory Gender theory Postmodernism
Radical feminist John Stoltenberg responds to transgender feminist Cristan Williams‘ essay by recounting the way in which their conversation began and reviews the way he and Andrea Dworkin viewed sex and gender essentialism. Stoltenberg then offers a new metaphor for conceptualizing sex and gender in a way that’s free of implied or asserted binaries.